In 1836, the U.S. Government and the Menominee Indians signed the Treaty of the Cedars. This treaty immediately changed the face of the area of Northeastern Wisconsin by opening approximately 4,000,000 acres of Menominee land to settlement by Yankees and Europeans. The landscape of Northeastern Wisconsin that we know today, including farms and cities like Oshkosh, Menasha, Neenah, and Appleton, all began with the Treaty of the Cedars. The Treaty and subsequent settlement also profoundly affected the Menominee Indians, resulting in drastic changes to their culture and lifestyle. MORE
Treaty - Treaty of The Cedars, 1836
Letters - Transcript of Dutch immigrant Arnold Verstegen's letters, 1850 and 1852
Advertisement for the "Wisconsin Emigrant's Land, Loan and Information Office," from The Emigrant's Handbook and Guide to Wisconsin, DATE.
Newspaper article "Emigration to this Country-Hollanders coming!", Appleton Crescent, April 10, 1858
Newspaper article "And Still They Come!", Appleton Crescent, August 14, 1858
Newspaper article "Hollanders Coming," Appleton Crescent, April 20, 1867
Newspaper article "Eighty Hollanders...," Appleton Crescent, May 11, 1867
Newspaper article "More Emigration!", Appleton Crescent, June 1, 1867
The Treaty of the Cedars
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Developed by the Outagamie County Historical Society with funding from Cooperative Education Service Agency 6, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, and the U.S. Department of Education. © 2006 OCHS.