The Richmond Brothers and You: Fox Valley Papermakers
Goal: Students will see the Appleton Paper Mills as an example of the early papermaking industry in the Valley.
1) Students will analyze an advertisement for the Appleton Paper Mills that appeared in the
2) Students will be able to state in writing the kinds of paper produced at the mill.
3) Students will analyze a historic photograph of the Appleton Paper Mills.
4) Students will speculate about why the mill was located on the river.
5) Students will predict what uses the mill might have had for straw and rags.
6) Students will predict the effect the Kellar ground wood process had at the
7) Students will create their own sheet of paper using a hand dipping method. Click here for papermaking process
Study the advertisement for Appleton Paper Mills which appeared in the
1) What kinds of paper does the mill produce?
2) This advertisement was placed by C.P. Richmond, one of the owners of the mill. Study the picture of the
3) The advertisement indicates that “Straw and rags [are] bought at the mill.” For what do you think the straw and rags would have used?
4) Research the Keller ground wood process. What is this process and when did it come into general use? Do you think the
5) You can make your own sheet of paper using this process. Beginning in the 1850s, paper makers used a machine called the Fourdrinier paper machine to make their paper. The Fourdrinier machine and modern machines use the same process of forming, pressing, and drying paper as is used in hand paper making. The machines just automate or mechanize the process so that it can be accomplished faster.